White House History, USA

The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States.For more than 200 years, the White House has been more than just the home of the President and White mereka.Gedung family has stood as a symbol of the Presidency, the United States government, and the American people. History, and history of the country's capital, began when President George Washington signed an Act of Congress in December 1790 which states that the federal government would be in a district "not exceeding ten miles square ... on the river Potomac." President Washington, together with city planner Pierre L'Enfant, chose the site for a new residence, which is now 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. As preparations began for the new federal city, a competition held to find a builder of "House of the President." Nine proposals submitted, and Irish-born architect James Hoban won a gold medal for practical design and handsome.
Construction began when the first stone laid in October 1792. Although President Washington overseeing the construction of the house, he never lived in it. Not until 1800, when the White House is almost finished, that the first residents, President John Adams and his wife, Abigail, moved in. Since then, every president has made his own changes and additions. White House, after all, the President of a private home. It is also the only private residence of a head of state that are open to the public, free of charge.

The White House has a unique and interesting history. It survived the fire in the hands of England in 1814 (during the war 1812) and others fire in the West Wing in 1929, while Herbert Hoover was president. Throughout much of Harry S. Truman 's presidency, the interior of the house, with the exception of the third floor, totally heartbroken and renovated while the Trumans lived at Blair House, right across Pennsylvania Avenue. However, the exterior walls of the first stone was put in place when the White House was built two centuries ago.

The President can express their individual style in how they decorate some parts of the house and in how they receive the public during their stay. Thomas Jefferson held the first Inaugural open house in 1805. Many of those who attended the swearing-in ceremony at the U.S. Capitol simply followed him home, where she greeted them at the Blue Room. President Jefferson also opened the house for public tours, and has remained open, except during wartime, ever since. In addition, he welcomed visitors annual reception on New Year's Day and the Fourth of July. In 1829, a horde of 20,000 Inaugural callers forced President Andrew Jackson to flee to safety hotel while, on the lawn, aides washtubs filled with orange juice and whiskey to lure the masses out of the mud-tracked White House.

After Abraham Lincoln's presidency, Prime crowds became far too large for the White House to accommodate them comfortably. However, not until Grover Cleveland's first president to change this practice unsafe. He held a presidential review of the troops from the race wrapped in the flag was built in front of the White House. This procession evolved into the official Prime parade we know today. Reception on New Year's Day and Fourth of July continued to be held until the early 1930s.

* There are 132 rooms, 35 bathrooms, and 6 levels in the Residence. There are also 412 doors, 147 windows, 28 fireplaces, 8 steps, and 3 elevators.
* At some time in its history, the White House has been known as the "Palace of the President," the "House of the President," and "Executive Mansion." President Theodore Roosevelt officially gave the White House its current name in 1901.

* President's first experience while in office ... President James Polk (1845-49) was the first president had his picture taken ... President Theodore Roosevelt (1901-09) not only the first president ride in the car, but also the first president to travel abroad when he visited Panama ... President Franklin Roosevelt (1933-45) is the President's first ride on an airplane.
* With five full-time chefs, the White House kitchen is able to serve dinner as many as 140 guests and hors d'oeuvres to more than 1,000.
* The White House requires 570 gallons of paint to cover the outer surface.
* For recreation, the White House has a variety of facilities available to citizens, including tennis courts, jogging track, swimming pool, cinema, and bowling lane.


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