History of the Roman Colosseum

Colosseum is a historical relic in the form of a large theater / Amphitheater which is one of the "Seven Wonders of the World Middle Ages." Located in the State Capital of Italy, Rome, called the original "Flavian Amphitheatre", founded by King Vespasian and completed by his son Titus.

The Colosseum, also known as the "Flavian amphitheater, constructed by the Emperor Vespasian ordered in honor of his royal majesty, has been inaugurated by his son, Titus, in AD 80 with festivities lasted 100 days.
The name probably comes from the Colosseum large bronze statue of about 38 meters, known as the "Colossus", Nero wanted to build the image in the Domus Aurea. The work, which depicts the emperor in the shoe god Apollo, wanted to remind, the extraordinary size, prestige and attractiveness of the other symbols of antiquity: the Colossus of Rhodes. The statue was moved by Emperor Hadrian around the amphitheater and then revised in the feature to see various Emperors, later, with the addition of a "ring of the sun, the sun god in the century only by neglecting the glories of imperial and aristocratic gens, that the name Colosseum began to replace the generic term for "Anfiteatro Flavio." 

The Colosseum, designed by Rabirio or maybe Gaudenzio, where many fights between the Gladiators, execution, and show Naumachie hunting. Some 80,000 spectators who followed the fighting last from sunset to sunrise, even until the night when Gladiators fought by the light of torches illuminated. 

Chronicles of the time seem to struggle the most popular by the community is a mixture of chaotic tens Gladiators invented by Claudio, known as "sportule". All religious holidays, anniversaries and military who have been celebrating victory in the imperial era with challenges from Gladiators. Attendance to protect from wild animals are raised wire mesh, whereas in most sunny days or rain, which is protected by a large community velar blue with yellow stars maneuvered by a team of sailors in Cape Miseno for the fleet and from Ravenna. 

In general, large stadium is Also related to the persecution suffered by Christian Martyrs, though, According to recent studies, there is no documentary evidence to show exactly Nowhere massacres and killings Between the wall dell'Anfiteatro Flavio. In any case, at 313 D.C. Emperor Constantine declared Christianity the official religion of the empire, of course, frightful execution against the Christians, but Also a war Between hunting and show Gladiators.

In the following century, the Colosseum was originally a cemetery, the castle is called "Frangipane" and finally a kind of source for building materials. Destruction of property by fire, earthquakes and looting have been discontinued by the holy Pope Benedict XIV in the amphitheater at the Via Crucis and further prohibits robbery.


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