Taiko (Japanese music instrument)

Taiko (drum / drums), Japan, also called Wadaiko, has always been at shows in the palace as part of Gagaku (court music). In addition, Taiko is a musical instrument that must exist in every folk festival in various places in Japan that has a very musical instrument in the know.

First Taiko much in use as an accompanist or to get the sound effects, but the use of Taiko as a principal instrument has not been a lot of people do. Only then around 1959 began to try some of the flow Taiko Taiko performances, and Wadaiko as principal pertunjuan began to spread widely in the country of Japan.

In Japan the feudal period, taiko is often used to motivate troops, to help determine the pace of the line, and manage orders or announcements. Toward or at the time of entering the battle, taiko Yaku (drummer) is responsible for determining the step sequence, usually with six steps to every punch drum (beat-2-3-4-5-6, a knock-2-3-4-5 -6).

According to one historical record (Gunji Yoshu), nine cluster of five beats means summon allies into battle, while nine chain of three beats, which speeded up three or four times, is a call to come forward and pursue your opponent.

Types of Taiko :
Nagado-daiko (长 胴 太 鼓, a long-bodied taiko) is comprised of two pieces of cow skin stretched over a wooden frame (usually carved from one piece of wood, now often made from the remains of a wooden barrel) and stretched. Head of tsukeshime-daiko (付 締め 太鼓, often shortened to, "shime-daiko" or "shime" only) stretched over iron rings and clamped around a smaller body. Tsukeshime-daiko rope pulled up tight before use every time. Okedo-daiko (桶 胴 太 鼓, taiko-bodied barrel-shaped, often shortened to "okedo" or "okay") can be mounted on a stand and played like taiko others, but usually hung across the shoulder so that the drummer could walk and at the same time play it. Taiko other Japanese cover Uchiwa-daiko (内 轮 太 鼓, taiko fan), hira-daiko (平 太 鼓, taiko flat), o-daiko (大 太 鼓, taiko large), and a series of instruments of percussion others in the ensemble of traditional Japanese noh, gagaku, and kabuki. Giant Taiko drums, with a length of 240cm, maximum diameter of 240cm, and weighs 3 tons. Made from one piece of wood from trees 1200 years old
Okedo-daiko drum range from small and portable, to the greatest drummer of all Japanese drums. Unlike nagado, these drums can be made in various sizes, but NOT in any given size of timber construction stavenya. Aomori region famous for its festivals Nebuta. Here the big okedo played by many people as he was taken by train along the road. Okedo betta have his own crutch created by Hayashi Eitetsu.
In addition, as nagado-daiko, okedo have sound edges, called "ka." However, when playing the rim of a okedo, it is important for players to hit only a Palin the outside of the ring metal and not the periphery of the drum body itself. Thinner and lighter than wood okedo particularly easy to dent and his condition will rapidly decline when struck.


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