The Composition of Hinamatsuri

Hinamatsuri is a celebration of a girl who is celebrated annually on March 3 in Japan. Hinamatsuri derived from the word 'despicable' meaning princess or girls and 'Matsuri'which means celebration. Before the Japanese use the Gregorian calendar (calendar AD), Hinamatsuri celebrated on the day-to-3 months-3 according to the lunisolar calendar. The day is also called no sekku momo (peach flower festival), because it coincided with the blossoming peach flowers. Since the Japanese use the Gregorian calendar, the celebration of Hinamatsuri changed to March 3. Even so, there are still those who celebrate Hinamatsuri by lunisolar calendar (around month of April on the Gregorian calendar).

The composition of Hina Ningyo dolls
Dolls placed on a multilevel stage, called dankazari (ladder to display.) The number of rungs on dankazari determined based on the number of dolls available. Each doll is placed in a predetermined position based on tradition for generations. Dankazari stage backed with a thick blanket of red-called hi-mōsen.

One set of dolls are usually equipped with a miniature folding screen (byōbu) to be installed as a gold-colored background. On the left side and right-placed pair of miniature lanterns (bombori). Another device in the form of miniature cherry tree and the tree Tachibana, cut branches of peach flowers as decoration.

Top Appliances
Two dolls that symbolize the emperor (o-Dairi-sama) and empress (o-hina-sama) is placed on top of the stairs. In Japanese, Dairi means "emperor's palace," and abject means "princess" or "girls". Kansai and Kanto regions have the sequence of the different sides in the placement of the emperor and empress dolls, but the arrangement of dolls in each of the next steps are always the same.
The second ladder Three princess doll castle (san-nin kanjo) were placed on the second ladder. Third daughter of the palace carrying equipment drinking sake. Princess doll palace most middle to bring bowls of sake (sakazuki) who put on the shampoo. Two other castle princess doll carrying the pitcher of sake (kuwae no chōshi), and containers of sake called (nagae no chōshi). One tooth blackened castle princess doll (ohaguro) and his eyebrows shaved off. In the puppet version of Kyoto, the middle daughter of a palace of Kyoto brought shimadai (decoration sign of happiness from the leaves of pine, bamboo leaves, and flowers ume)
Third Appliances Five musicians male doll (go-nin bayashi) is in third. The four musicians each carrying a musical instrument, except the singer who brought fan-fold. Musical instrument that brought each musician is taiko, ōkawa, kotsuzumi, and flute.

Fourth Appliances
Two puppet minister (daijin) consisting of the Minister of the Right (Udaijin) and Minister of the Left (Sadaijin) are on the stairs to the 4th. Puppet Minister Right depicted are young, while the puppet Minister of the Left looks much older. From the viewpoint of the observer, the Minister of the Right is on the left, while the Minister of the Left is on the right.
Stairs fifth
In the fifth ladder placed three runners male doll (shichō). All three are each carrying a package containing a cap (daigasa) which was brought by a stick blade, shoes are placed on a tray, and long umbrellas in a closed state. In another version of the doll, boy man carrying a bamboo rake (kumade) and broom. [2] Furthermore, cow train and a variety of miniature furniture used as a wedding gift is placed on top of the stairs beneath him.


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